Although it was later amended in the manner of a substitute and used as a vehicle for a continuing resolution, this bill was introduced as the annual appropriations bill for Defense Department programs and activities, including joint U.S.-Israeli missile defense programs, military aid for Jordan, and oversight on Iran policy. The summary below reflects the draft that the House Appropriations Committee introduced on 3/2/17, which passed the House on 3/8/17 and largely matched the draft that the House failed to pass in 2016 (see H.R. 5293 of 5/19/17).
Israeli Cooperative Programs
Matching the appropriations that the comm. approved for these programs in FY 2016, $600.735 m. would be made available for joint U.S.-Israeli missile defense programs. From that total, $62 m. would be for the Israeli government to procure the Iron Dome missile defense system; $67.331 m. would be for the Arrow System Improvement program; $266.511 m. would be for the Short Range Ballistic Missile Defense (SRBMD) program, including research and development ($150 m. of which would be for co-production in the U.S.); and $204.893 m. would be for an upper-tier component of the Israeli missile defense architecture, including $120 m. for co-production of Arrow 3 missiles in the U.S. Portions of the appropriations for both the SRBMD program and the Arrow 3 system would be conditional on the U.S. and Israel reaching an agreement for co-production in the U.S.
Support for Jordan
The secretary of defense would be authorized to give Jordan up to $500 m. of the $920 m. made available to reimburse U.S. allies in the fight against the Islamic State (ISIS). Any support for Jordan under this heading would be restricted to border security efforts.
Oversight on Iran Policy
Any disbursements of support for the training and equipment of Syrian rebels fighting ISIS would be contingent on recipient groups not being affiliated with the government of Iran.