Because Congress failed to pass individual appropriations bills for the federal government’s various departments for FY 2017 by the end of FY 2016 (9/30/16), Democrat and Republican leaders were forced to extend FY 2016 appropriations, including those for programs relevant to Palestinian affairs and the Arab-Israeli conflict (e.g., military aid to Israel and economic support for the Palestinians), while they continued work on a compromise. This bill extended FY 2016 appropriations for 1 week, through 12/9/16.
See *H.R. 2029 of 4/24/15 at congressionalmonitor.org for a detailed summary of FY 2016 appropriations and *H.R. 2028 of 4/24/16, which further extended FY 2016 appropriations through 4/28/17.
Last major action: 9/29/16 became public law (6/10/16 passed in House by yea/nay vote, 233–175; 9/28/16 passed in Senate with an amendment by yea/nay vote, 72–26; 9/28/16 resolving differences).