A resolution strongly supporting the full implementation of United States and international sanctions on Iran and urging the President to continue to strengthen enforcement of sanctions legislation.

February 28, 2013
May 22, 2013
Passed in Senate

With this resolution, the Senate supported the full implementation of existing U.S. and international sanctions on Iran and urged the president to continue to strengthen enforcement of sanctions legislation. The most noteworthy section of the resolution states that if the government of Israel is compelled to take military action in ‘legitimate self-defense’ against Iran’s nuclear weapons program, the U.S. government ‘should stand with Israel’ and provide support ‘in accordance with United States law.’

This resolution contains neither an authorization to use force nor a declaration of war, something made explicitly clear in the resolution’s text.

This resolution was a major part of AIPAC’s lobbying effort both before and during the AIPAC conference in 3/2013.

In the initial version of the resolution, the self-defense provision had stronger wording. It urged that the U.S. government should ‘stand with Israel and provide diplomatic, military, and economic support’ if Israel was compelled to take military action. That clause was struck out in a cmte. markup session after provoking opposition from anti-war groups.

On the day of the unanimous vote in the Senate (5/22/13), Sen. Graham discussed the resolution as if it still contained the original language. He summarized its thrust, ‘if Israel is compelled to take military action in self-defense, the U.S. will stand with Israel and provide diplomatic, military, economic support in its defense of its territory, people, and existence.’ In phrasing the bill’s purpose in this way, he removed the legal qualifications and reverted to the mechanical, cause-effect wording that sparked the controversy in the first place.

91 cosponsors (47D, 43R, 1I).

Last major action: 5/22/13 agreed to in Senate by yea-nay vote, 99–0.


Lamar Alexander(R-TN)Kelly Ayotte(R-NH)John Barrasso(R-WY)Max Baucus(D -MT)Mark Begich(D-AK)Michael Bennet(D-CO)Richard Blumenthal(D-CT)Roy Blunt(R-MO)John Boozman(R-AR)Barbara Boxer(D-CA)Sherrod Brown(D-OH)Richard Burr(R-NC)Maria Cantwell(D-WA)Ben Cardin(D-MD)Tom Carper(D-DE)Bob Casey Jr.(D-PA)Saxby Chambliss(R-GA)Daniel Coats(R-IN)Tom Coburn(R-OK)Thad Cochran(R-MS)Susan Collins(R-ME)Christopher A. Coons(D-DE)Bob Corker(R-TN)John Cornyn(R-TX)William Cowan(D-MA)Mike Crapo(R-ID)Ted Cruz(R-TX)Joe Donnelly(D-IN)Dick Durbin(D-IL)Mike Enzi(R-WY)Dianne Feinstein(D-CA)Deb Fischer(R-NE)Jeff Flake(R-AZ)Al Franken(D-MN)Kirsten Gillibrand(D-)Chuck Grassley(R -IA)Kay Hagan(D-NC)Orrin Hatch(R-UT)Martin Heinrich(D-NM)Heidi Heitkamp(D-ND)Dean Heller(R-NV)Mazie Hirono(D-HI)John Hoeven(R-ND)James Inhofe(R-OK)Johnny Isakson(R-GA)Mike Johanns(R-NE)Tim Johnson(D-SD)Ron Johnson(R-WI)Tim Kaine(D-VA)Angus King(I-ME)Mark Kirk(R-IL)Amy Klobuchar(D-MN)Mary Landrieu(D-LA)Frank Lautenberg(D-NJ)Mike Lee(R-UT)Carl Levin(D-MI)Joe Manchin(D-WV)John McCain(R-AZ)Claire McCaskill(D-MO)Mitch McConnell(R-KY)Robert Menendez(D-NJ)Barbara Mikulski(D-MD)Jerry Moran(R-KS)Lisa Murkowski(R-AK)Chris Murphy(D-CT)Patty Murray(D-WA)Bill Nelson(D-FL)Rob Portman(R-OH)Mark Pryor(D-AR)Jack Reed(D-RI)Jim Risch(R-ID)Pat Roberts(R-KS)Marco Rubio(R-FL)Brian Schatz(D-HI)Charles Schumer(D-)Tim Scott(R-GA)Jeff Sessions(R-AL)Jeanne Shaheen(D-NH)Richard Shelby(R-AL)Debbie Stabenow(D-MI)Jon Tester(D-MT)John Thune(R-SD)Pat Toomey(R-PA)Mark Udall(D-CO)David Vitter(R-LA)Mark Warner(D-VA)Elizabeth Warren(D-MA)Sheldon Whitehouse(D-RI)Roger Wicker(R-MS)Ron Wyden(D-OR)

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For more information, Click Here to visit this measure’s page at congress.gov.

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